Numerous studies have provided insight into the multitude of health risks associated with obesity. Science has demonstrated that people who are significantly overweight or obese are at an elevated risk for heart disease, stroke, diabetes, high blood pressure, and metabolic syndrome. Several types of cancer also seem to be more common in individuals who are obese, including cancers of the breast, gallbladder, and colon. Osteoarthritis is another health concern for those who are obese, as the additional weight places strain on the body’s joints.
By the time patients turn to a bariatric surgeon for weight loss solutions, they have usually gone through many different diet plans in an attempt to lose the weight on their own. The primary difference between a “normal” diet and a medically supervised diet lies in the support that a patient has when moving through a medically supervised option. The diet plan is created only after a comprehensive physical exam and health history assessment, which results in a weight loss program that is customized to each patient’s particular set of needs. Patients have access to a wealth of services intended to promote lasting weight loss and improvements in overall wellness, including nutritional counseling, dietary support, and advice.
In the days and weeks that follow a bariatric surgical procedure, the patient will be limited to eating small amounts of liquid or soft foods. As soon as normal foods are reintroduced into the patient’s diet, it is advisable to begin a medically supervised diet program. Before embarking on the new diet, the bariatric team will determine if there are any other medical concerns that could have a negative impact on the patient’s weight loss journey. For example, many patients are on multiple prescription medications and it is imperative to ensure that those medicines are not having an impact on weight loss. For most patients, a medically supervised diet is a great way to continue the weight loss momentum gained by a bariatric procedure.